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Your Questions About Nine West Commander

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Helen Your Questions About Nine West Commander

Helen asks…

when did civil war end?

I need to do a report, and I was wondering when the civil war ended, and dont be shy to add any other details about the end to the war
thank you

lizzyrose cropped Your Questions About Nine West Commander

Our pick of the answers:

The American Civil War (1861–1865)

End of the war 1864–1865

Jefferson Davis, first and only President of the Confederate States of AmericaAt the beginning of 1864, Lincoln made Grant commander of all Union armies. Grant made his headquarters with the Army of the Potomac, and put Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman in command of most of the western armies. Grant understood the concept of total war and believed, along with Lincoln and Sherman, that only the utter defeat of Confederate forces and their economic base would bring an end to the war.[96] Grant devised a coordinated strategy that would strike at the entire Confederacy from multiple directions: Generals George Meade and Benjamin Butler were ordered to move against Lee near Richmond; General Franz Sigel (and later Philip Sheridan) were to attack the Shenandoah Valley; General Sherman was to capture Atlanta and march to the sea (the Atlantic Ocean); Generals George Crook and William W. Averell were to operate against railroad supply lines in West Virginia; and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks was to capture Mobile, Alabama.

Union forces in the East attempted to maneuver past Lee and fought several battles during that phase (“Grant’s Overland Campaign”) of the Eastern campaign. Grant’s battles of attrition at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor[97] resulted in heavy Union losses, but forced Lee’s Confederates to fall back again and again. An attempt to outflank Lee from the south failed under Butler, who was trapped inside the Bermuda Hundred river bend. Grant was tenacious and, despite astonishing losses (over 66,000 casualties in six weeks), kept pressing Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia back to Richmond. He pinned down the Confederate army in the Siege of Petersburg, where the two armies engaged in trench warfare for over nine months.

Grant finally found a commander, General Philip Sheridan, aggressive enough to prevail in the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Sheridan defeated Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early in a series of battles, including a final decisive defeat at the Battle of Cedar Creek. Sheridan then proceeded to destroy the agricultural base of the Shenandoah Valley,[98] a strategy similar to the tactics Sherman later employed in Georgia.

Meanwhile, Sherman marched from Chattanooga to Atlanta, defeating Confederate Generals Joseph E. Johnston and John Bell Hood along the way. The fall of Atlanta,[99] on September 2, 1864, was a significant factor in the reelection of Lincoln as president. Hood left the Atlanta area to menace Sherman’s supply lines and invade Tennessee in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign.[100] Union Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield defeated Hood at the Battle of Franklin, and George H. Thomas dealt Hood a massive defeat at the Battle of Nashville, effectively destroying Hood’s army.

Leaving Atlanta, and his base of supplies, Sherman’s army marched with an unknown destination, laying waste to about 20% of the farms in Georgia in his “March to the Sea”. He reached the Atlantic Ocean at Savannah, Georgia in December 1864. Sherman’s army was followed by thousands of freed slaves; there were no major battles along the March. Sherman turned north through South Carolina and North Carolina to approach the Confederate Virginia lines from the south,[101] increasing the pressure on Lee’s army.

Lee’s army, thinned by desertion and casualties, was now much smaller than Grant’s. Union forces won a decisive victory at the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, forcing Lee to evacuate Petersburg and Richmond. The Confederate capital fell[102] to the Union XXV Corps, composed of black troops. The remaining Confederate units fled west and after a defeat at Sayler’s Creek, it became clear to Robert E. Lee that continued fighting against the United States was both tactically and logistically impossible.

Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House.[103] In an untraditional gesture and as a sign of Grant’s respect and anticipation of folding the Confederacy back into the Union with dignity and peace, Lee was permitted to keep his officer’s saber and his horse, Traveller. Johnston surrendered his troops to Sherman on April 26, 1865, in Durham, North Carolina. On June 23, 1865, at Fort Towson in the Choctaw Nations’ area of the Oklahoma Territory, Stand Watie signed a cease-fire agreement with Union representatives, becoming the last Confederate general in the field to stand down. The last Confederate naval force to surrender was the CSS Shenandoah on November 4, 1865, in Liverpool, England.

Lisa Your Questions About Nine West Commander

Lisa asks…

what were the reason of the fall of han dynasty?

list more than 3 reasons and why……thanx

lizzyrose cropped Your Questions About Nine West Commander

Our pick of the answers:

In the year AD 184, a Taoist sect called the Huang Jin (Yellow Scarves) rose up against the government. Using Taoist practices and herbal medicine to cure and aid the peasant population, the Yellow Scarves gained a large following of low class citizens. However not everyone was interested in their ideals, families that gained power during the Han had no intention of changing to a class–less society. Emperor Ling assigned He Jin, the brother of his wife Empress He, as the Commander–in–Chief in charge of the Imperial Forces. The rebellion encountered heavy resistance in Northern and Central China, and they were no match for the veteran Han Generals. Many powerful families joined the Imperial side during the fights, and men like Sun Jian, Liu Bei, Cao Cao and Dong Zhuo were successful in their undertakings.

Though the Huang Jin was crushed, the Imperial Court could not be saved from disaster. After Emperor Ling died in AD 189, his wife Empress He took control of the court, and placed her son Liu Bian at the throne as Emperor Shao. The Eunuchs were threatened by the presence of He Jin and his alliance with the powerful Yuan family, and another violent war erupted within the capital. He Jin was killed by the eunuchs, and the eunuchs were killed in retaliation by He Jin’s allies.

During this confusion, a general called Dong Zhuo sought an opportunity to take control over the Empire. Dong Zhuo served under Zhang Wen, the Minister of Works, and had control over a private army. Dong Zhuo marched into the capital, disposed of Emperor Shao and his family, and instead placed the nine-year-old Liu Xie on the throne as Emperor Xian.

The Han Emperor was powerless against his oppressors; after Dong Zhuo came Cao Cao, another ambitious warlord who wanted to unite the land under his own rule. Emperor Xian was nothing but a puppet and even Han loyalists abused his sovereignty.

During Emperor Xian’s rule, the powerful families of China went to war, and eventually three major powers remained. Cao Cao in the North controlled the Emperor and commanded a powerful legion. In the south, the Sun family rose to power and established itself as the authority in the lands south of the Yangtze. In the west was Liu Bei, a distant relative of the Emperor and so called Han loyalist. When Cao Pi, the son of Cao Cao, dethroned the Emperor Xian, the Han finally came to its end. Cao Pi ascended the throne as Wei Emperor, Sun Quan established the Kingdom of Wu, and Liu Bei crowned himself Emperor of Shu. In the year AD 220, the Han reign officially ended after over four hundred years of reign, and after two generations of twelve Emperors.

Since that time, the “Han” Chinese did not regain power until Zhu Yuanzhang replaced the Northern Yuan Dynasty with his own Ming Dynasty. In retrospect, the Han Dynasty was a turbulent time for China, filled with both prosperity and poverty, brilliance in rule and decay of rule.

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